Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disease (SCID) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) are two medical conditions that affect the immune system. While both conditions impact the body’s ability to fight off infections, they have different causes and symptoms. In this article, we will compare SCID and AIDS to help you better understand their differences.
SCID (Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disease)
- Definition: SCID is a genetic disorder in which individuals are born without T-cells and B-cells, which are the primary cells responsible for fighting off infections.
- Age of Onset: This disorder is found in newborn children.
- Nature: SCID is a genetic disorder.
AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)
- Definition: AIDS is caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which attacks the helper T-cells, causing a reduction in the number of helper T-cells.
- Age of Onset: AIDS can be transmitted at any stage of life.
- Nature: AIDS is caused by a virus (HIV).
SCID vs AIDS: Differences
|Genetic disorder in which individuals are born without T-cells and B-cells
|Condition caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
|Age of Onset
|Any stage of life
|Primary cells affected
|T-cells and B-cells
Note: T-cells and B-cells are the primary cells responsible for fighting off infections.
In conclusion, SCID and AIDS are both medical conditions that affect the immune system and can result in increased susceptibility to infections. However, they are caused by different factors, and their symptoms and progression can differ. It is important to understand the differences between these two conditions so that proper diagnosis and treatment can be provided.