Urbanization refers to the migration of people from rural to urban areas, resulting in an increasing proportion of the population that resides in urban locations instead of rural ones. The term is derived from the Latin word “Urbs,” which was used by the Romans to describe a city.
Ecological succession is a natural process of change in the species composition of an ecosystem over time. One of the forms of succession is primary autotrophic succession, which begins with the creation of a bare area and ends with the formation of a stable, self-maintaining community of plants and animals known as the climax community. This article will provide a step-by-step guide to the complete process of primary autotrophic ecological succession.